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Today’s reflection is on Juz 11. In Juz 11, we have two main surahs. We have Surah At-Tawbah and Surah Yunus. In Surah At-Tawbah, there is a common theme of repentance, how to deal with mushrikeen and disbelievers, and Surah Yunus is all about tawheed. So let’s look at these more specifically and let’s compartmentalize this properly.
Tawheed is to believe in Allah (SWT). It is an exclamation of monotheism. So there’s three aspects of tawheed in Islam. There’s Tawheed al-Uluhiyyah, Ar-Rububiyyah, and Asma was-Sifaat.
The first tawheed is al-Uluhiyyah. It means to believe in the oneness of Allah (SWT). The second form is ar-Rububiyyah, meaning belief in the Lordship of Allah (SWT) and how He is the Master of all the Universes. And the third form is Asma was-Sifaat, which is the belief in all of His names and attributes.
So how does this connect with Ramadan? How does this concept of tawheed and the idea of repentance and tawbah, how does that connect with the month of Ramadan? As you know, the month of Ramadan has been broken down into three different parts. The first 10 days are for seeking mercy. The second 10 days are for seeking forgiveness from Allah (SWT). And the third 10 days are for seeking protection from the hell fire. The best way we can approach Ramadan, the best way that we as Muslims can move forward into Ramadan, is understanding that Allah (SWT) is the Master, is the Sovereign of all things, of all creation, of all people. And the best way that we can be conscious of ourselves is if we are conscious of the Creator. And that’s really what it comes down to in terms of how we approach Ramadan and what we do during Ramadan.
Rasool Allah (SAW) said that anyone who goes through Ramadan and fasts the entire 30 days with belief and the idea that they will be forgiven, they will be. There’s absolutely no doubt. So the standard is really low. And that’s where tawheed comes in, where we’re conscious of Allah (SWT), His Oneness, His Lordship, and all of His different names and attributes. And what we have to focus on during Ramadan is going after this forgiveness from Allah (SWT), seeking His protection, and seeking His mercy. At the end of the day, we want to be able to embody His names and attributes, and that’s what it truly means to be people who are placed on the earth as khulufaa. And that’s what it comes down to, understanding that tawheed is important and tawbah is important. And in the month of Ramadan especially, we have to take full, complete advantage of this and these different concepts and themes.